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Oktober 2023

Tinius Digest

Månedlige rapporter om endringer, trender og utviklinger i mediebransjen.

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Om Tinius Digest

Tinius Digest gir deg en oversikt over rapporter om og analyser av utvikling i mediebransjen og publiseres en gang i måneden. Her er våre viktigste funn fra denne måneden.

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The dearth of news on TikTok

Researchers at Northwestern University have analysed the spread—or lack thereof—of news content on TikTok.

Download the research paper.

Key findings:

1

Limited news coverage

There is a marked lack of interest in news content on TikTok. Most news organisations on the platform only manage to gather a modest audience, and the For You Page algorithm barely surfaces news content, even when influenced by active engagement signals.

2

Minimal recommendations

An analysis of 6,568 videos from the For You Page revealed that only six videos, comprising just two unique pieces of content, were somewhat news-related. This finding indicates a significant underrepresentation of current events and news-related content in TikTok's algorithmic recommendations.

3

Entertainment-dominated

The top trending hashtags on TikTok primarily focus on entertainment, with little to no representation of news events. Categories like film, television, and music were predominant, while news-related content was notably absent from the list of most popular hashtags.

4

Low engagement for news media

Among 120 news media profiles analysed, the median account had 256,500 followers, with 78 percent of accounts having fewer than one million followers. This indicates that even TikTok's most prominent news accounts only reach a small fraction of the platform's user base in the United States.

Sweden: A new (digital) normal

The Swedish Press and Broadcasting Authority has published its annual report on media consumption and trends in Sweden.

Download the report.

Key findings:

1

Elevated post-pandemic news interest

The pandemic saw a spike in news consumption and newspaper reading, with levels remaining high post-pandemic. Traditional news media continues to be the most trusted source.

2

Generational digital divide

While older demographics increasingly use digital media, they still predominantly favour traditional outlets such as radio and TV. In contrast, those in the 15-24 age bracket spend an average of 130 minutes daily on social media, compared to just 27 minutes for the 65-85 age group.

3

Social media for news

Approximately 46 percent of Swedes aged 9-85 years engage with social network services for news, which rises to 76 percent amongst 15-24-year-olds.

4

Trend towards streaming

There is a noticeable shift from traditional TV to Video On Demand (VOD) services. 76 percent of Swedish households have access to video streaming services, with 68 percent subscribing to music or podcast streaming services.

ChatGPT excels in emotion recognition over humans

Researchers from Israel and the UK have evaluated ChatGPT's ability to predict human emotional responses in 20 hypothetical situations, comparing its performance against that of the broader population.

Download the research paper.

Key findings:

1

Achieving maximum scores

In the initial study, ChatGPT significantly surpassed the general population regarding emotional awareness. A follow-up study a month later showed a remarkable improvement in ChatGPT's performance, closely approaching the highest score attainable in the test. The accuracy level was impressively high, scoring 9.7 out of 10.

2

Progressive improvement

The research demonstrated that ChatGPT can generate appropriate responses in the context of emotional awareness, which is enhanced progressively over time. The researchers emphasize that while ChatGPT can identify and express human emotions, it does not equate to emotional intelligence or empathy.

3

Application in mental health

The study proposes that ChatGPT could be instrumental in cognitive training for individuals facing challenges in emotional awareness. Furthermore, the chatbot might be beneficial in supporting psychiatric diagnostic processes and assessments and enhancing emotional language proficiency.

Widespread disinformation on TikTok in Norway

TikTok has published its semi-annual report for platform moderation in the EU and EEA, providing specific figures for TikTok in Norway for the first six months of 2023.

Download the report.

Key findings:

1

Limited fact-checked videos

Of the videos in Norway, only 341 were fact-checked, with 138 subsequently removed. Notably, 22.4 percent of Norwegian users refrained from sharing unverified content after receiving a content warning from TikTok.

2

Dangerous disinformation

A total of 2,055 videos were identified as dangerous disinformation with the potential to incite violence against individuals or groups. These videos garnered 7,629,680 views. The figures represent videos published in Norway with global engagement.

3

Holocaust and pandemic misinformation

Videos disseminating false information about the Holocaust attracted 6,201,917 views, with 13,128 users engaging with them. Similarly, videos spreading misinformation about the pandemic were viewed 5,049,439 times, with 5,113 user interactions.

4

Political advertising violations

Five political advertisements that breached TikTok's guidelines were removed after accumulating 313,944 views.

5

Fake accounts and engagement

In the period from March to June, TikTok removed 27,052 fake accounts, amassing a total of 1,284,990 followers. Additionally, 797,166 fake likes and 580,625 fake followers were eliminated. Furthermore, 166 profiles were suspended for impersonating others, including individuals, businesses, or brands.

Not necessarily more efficient with AI

Boston Consulting Group has published the result of an internal study (n=758) of the effects of AI on knowledge worker productivity and quality.

The consultants were divided into three groups: one with no access to AI tools, one with access to AI tools, and one with access to AI tools plus guidance on effective prompt usage.

Download the report.

Key findings:

1

Less AI knowledge—less efficient

Efficiency gains from AI tools are not automatic. Consultants lacking training and prior knowledge of AI tools showed lower efficiency than their trained counterparts.

2

Challenges of AI tool adoption

The main challenges leading to decreased efficiency included a lack of understanding of AI tool limitations, blind reliance on AI data, a significant learning curve, and overdependence on AI tools, impairing critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

3

Positive impact with proper use

When used effectively, AI tools led to notable improvements: a 12 percent increase in task completion rate, 25 percent faster task completion, and 40 percent higher quality of work than those not using AI tools.

AI used for disinformation in 47 countries

Freedom House has published its annual 'Freedom on the Net' report. No Nordic countries are included in the report.

Download the report.

Key findings:

1

Continuous decline in internet freedom

Global internet freedom has decreased for the 13th consecutive year, with severe repression in Iran, Myanmar's near-bottom ranking, and deteriorating conditions in the Philippines and Costa Rica.

2

Rising attacks on free expression

In a record 55 out of 70 countries, individuals faced legal consequences for online speech, with physical assaults and fatalities linked to online commentary in 41 countries. Notably, harsh punishments were observed in Myanmar and Iran.

3

AI-driven disinformation campaigns

AI technology is increasingly used for online disinformation, with at least 47 governments manipulating online discourse. AI tools capable of generating text, audio, and imagery are being utilized in 16 countries to undermine truth and influence public opinion.

4

AI-enhanced censorship

Authoritarian governments are leveraging AI to intensify online censorship, with 22 countries employing AI for content removal. Despite AI's rise, traditional censorship methods persist, as evidenced by 41 governments blocking websites adhering to international free expression standards.

5

Call for responsible AI governance

To safeguard internet freedom, democratic supporters must establish strong, human rights-based standards for AI development and use, addressing the amplified risks of digital repression, surveillance, and disinformation through AI technologies.

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